Minerals are chemical elements necessary for the normal functioning of the body. Each mineral has a specific effect. The human body cannot produce minerals, so they must be taken in with food or in the form of nutritional supplements.
According to the required daily amount, minerals are divided into two groups: macroelements and microelements.
The body needs macroelements in amounts greater than 100 mg per day, namely calcium (Ca), sulfur (S), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), chlorine (Cl), and sodium (Na).
Microelements are needed by the body in quantities less than 100 mg per day, and some of them are zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), silicon (Si), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), fluorine (F), iodine (I), selenium (Se), chromium (Cr).